Fundamentals of Organic Farming and Gardening
An Instructor’s Guide – Revised for 2009


Unit Overview
Soil is described in terms of physical and biological components. Both of these are important in establishing a foundation of knowledge about soil, in order to manage it in a sustainable manner.


Lesson Text
Lesson Plans

Teacher Demonstrations
1. Types of soil in labeled tray
2. Size of soil particles represented by different size balls
3. Examples of live, dead and decomposed leaf


Whippoorwill Hollow Organic Farm Video
Focus Questions


Student Experiments and Activities
1. Soil Organisms
2. Soil Food Activity
3. Soil Quality Card


Power Point Presentations
1. Unit Presentation
2. Factors Which Affect Soil Structure
3. How the Soil Food Web Benefits Plant Life