Planting picPlanting seeds and harvesting what grows are two of the funnest parts of growing a garden! Seed packets will  tell you how deep to plant each type of seed, and how much room to leave in between seeds. In general, larger seeds can be planted deeper underground while smaller seeds need to stay closer to the surface. Some plants work better to plant by seed right in the ground, and others should get started in pots.

Plant by Seed

Crops seeded directly in the ground are generally hardier or logistically difficult to transplant. Good crops to plant by seed include:

  • Root crops, like carrots and radishes
  • Lettuces, including spinach and arugula
  • Squash, zucchini, and cucumbers
  • Beans and peas


Some crops need more care when they’re young, so they work better to start in pots and then transplant outside. Good crops to transplant include:

  • Tomatoes
  • Peppers
  • Herbs, including basil


  • Georgia Planting & Harvesting Guide: These guide will help you know when to plant and harvest different types of fruits and vegetables in Georgia. This guide was created in collaboration with UGA Cooperative Extension.


  • Edible OrchardsFruit trees, vines, and berry bushes can be great additions to a school garden. They are low maintenance and will feed and educate students for years to come. This guide from the Atlanta Local Food Initiative has suggestions for varieties that work well at schools.