Are there pesticides and fertilizers in certified organic production?
Yes. Products and materials derived from non-synthetic substances are allowed while synthetics are not. OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) has a label for products that meet NOP standards. Products not OMRI approved can still be allowed by a farm’s certifying agent on a case by case basis. OMRI publishes a guide of approved products. There are organic herbicides on the market, but they are not effective. See for more information.

Does a farm have to use certified organic seeds?
Only if the farm documents that it could not find the variety it was looking for from at least three other sources. Treated seeds not OMRI approved are still not allowed.

Who actually certifies farms for organics?
The USDA accredits independent non-profit and for-profit organizations to certify farms. An accredited certifier can certify a farm anywhere in the world. It is good to go with a certifier that has experience with your type of production.

How much does certification cost?
The State of Georgia offers a 75% cost share for farmers towards the cost of certification and Georgia Organics is reimbursing the remaining 25% for farmers getting their certification for the first time. Learn more at

Is the record keeping onerous?
The records required by organic certification are documents most farms keep anyway, such as records on what is planted, where it is planted, and what inputs are applied in what quantity, when, where, and for what purpose. Farmers can keep this information in a notebook.

Certifying Agents